您当前所在位置:首页 > 初中资讯

初中英语语法备考:连词

来源:51EDU精品学习网 2018-09-30
连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分而只起连接词与词,短语与短语以及句与句的作用。连词主要可分为两类:并列连词和从属连词。具体请看以下连词语法讲解并列连词用来连接平行的词、词组和分句。如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both…and, not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and)then 等等。一、并列连词与并列结构并列连词引导两个并列的句子。1) and 与 or判断改错:( 错 ) They sat down and talk about something.( 错 ) They started to dance and sang.( 错 ) I saw two men sitting behind and whisper there.( 对 ) They sat down and talked about something.( 对 ) They started to dance and sing.( 对 )I saw two men sitting behind and whispering there.解析:第一句: and 连接两个并列的谓语,所以 talk 应改为 talked 。第二句: and 连接两个并列的动词不定式,第二个不定式往往省略 to ,因此 sang 应改为 sing 。第三句: and 连接感观动词 saw 后面的用作的宾补的两个并列分词结构,因此 whisper 应改为 whispering 。注意: and 还可以和祈使句或名词词组连用表示条件。( or 也有此用法)Make up your mind, and you'll get the chance.= If you make up your mind, you'll get the chance.One more effort, and you'll succeed.= If you make one more effort, you'll succeed.2) both …and  两者都She plays (both) the piano and the guitar.3) not only…but (also), as well as 不但 … 而且)She plays not only the piano, but (also) the guitar.注意: not only… but also 关联两个分句时,一个分句因有否定词 not 而必须倒装。Not only does he like reading stories, but also he can even write some.4) neithe…nor 意思为 " 既不 …… 也不 ……" 谓语动词采用就近原则,与 nor 后的词保持一致。Neither you nor he is to blame.
标签: 英语
● 相关推荐更多>>

免责声明

精品学习网(51edu.com)在建设过程中引用了互联网上的一些信息资源并对有明确来源的信息注明了出处,版权归原作者及原网站所有,如果您对本站信息资源版权的归属问题存有异议,请您致信qinquan#51edu.com(将#换成@),我们会立即做出答复并及时解决。如果您认为本站有侵犯您权益的行为,请通知我们,我们一定根据实际情况及时处理。

◇ 热点关注